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Globalisation: This is integration of economies, industries, markets, cultures and policy making around the world
in more recent past, globalisation was primarily focused on the economic side of the wrold such as foreign direct investment and international capital flows more recently it has expanded to include a better range of area and activities such as media, technology, culture, political even biological factors.
examples: Communication costs have declined drastically
Globalisation is the ongoing process that is linking people neighbourhoods, cities, regions, countries, much more closely together than they ever have been before
this has resulted in our lives being intertwined with people in all parts of the world
Barriers of national and international boundaries become less relevant
processes are driven economically by international financial flows and trade by information technology and mass media entertainment.
Robert Muller: "father of global education; grand parents switched nationalities 5 times(French, German, French, German, French)
1947, wrote an essay on World Government resulting in his internship at the newly created United Nations in New York, next 40 years he spent working behind the scenes on global cooperation to bring about a lasting world peace.
A child born today will be faced as an adult, almost daily, with problems of a global interdependent nature, be it peace, food, the quality of life, inflation, or scarcity of resources. He (sic) will be both an actor and a beneficiary or a victim in the total world fabric, and he may rightly ask: “Why was I not warned? Why was I not better educated? Why did my teachers not tell me about these problems and indicate my behaviour as a member of an interdependent human race?”
It is, therefore, the duty and the self-enlightened interest of governments to educate their children properly about the type of world in which they are going to live. They must inform them of the action, the endeavour, and the recommendations of their global organisations … and prepare their young people to assume responsibility for the consequences of their actions and help in the care of several billion more fellow humans on Earth.
The concentric circles approach
Robin Richardson drew inspiration from a novel called Lark Rise to Candleford to describe the concentric circles approach. The novel, written by Flora Thompson, is autobiographical and paints a vivid picture of life growing up in a small English village in the 1880s:
Beyond the garden in summer there were fields of oats and barley and wheat which sighed and rustled when the wind blew, and which filled the air with pollen and heavy earth scents.
The fields were flat and stretched away to a distant line of trees on the horizon. To the children at that time those trees marked the boundary of their world.
Beyond their world enclosed by trees there was, they were told, a wider world where there were hamlets similar to their own, and towns, and cities, and the sea, and beyond the sea other countries where people spoke languages different from their own. Their father had told them so. But for the children, in their small world bounded by the trees, this wider world was but an idea, unrealized. Whereas everything within their own world was more than life-size, and more richly coloured.
Robin Richardson used this passage from Lark Rise to Candleford to depict the concentric circle view of the world.
Economic interdependence is an essential concept in geography. Ecological interdependence is fundamental in biology and chemistry. Political interdependence is central in all studies of causation in history. Cultural interdependence, involving fusion, cross-over and mutual influences and borrowings, is a recurring feature in art, design, drama, literature, music and technology.
amen to that