Tim is visiting his grandma for two days and is bored due to the lack of the electricity over there. That's why he starts to play with grandma's colorful candle collection.
He aligned the candles from left to right. The th candle from the left has the height and the color , an integer ranged from 1 to a given , the number of colors.
Now he stares at the sequence of candles and wonders, how many strictly increasing ( in height ) colorful subsequences are there? A subsequence is considered as colorful if every of the colors appears at least one times in the subsequence.
As the number of subsequences fulfilling the requirement can be large, print the result modulo .
On the first line you will be given and , then lines will follow. On the th line you will be given two integers and .
Print the number of strictly increasing colorful subsequences modulo .
In the first sample the only two valid subsequences are (1, 2, 4) and (1, 3, 4).