- Practice
- Mathematics
- Combinatorics
- Number List

# Number List

# Number List

Sam is playing with an array, , of positive integers. Sam writes a list, , containing all 's *contiguous subarrays*, and then replaces each subarray with its respective *maximum element*.

For example, consider the following where :

Subarrays of :

Updated (Maximum) Subarrays:

Help Sam determine how many numbers in are *greater than* .

**Input Format**

The first line contains a single integer, (the number of test cases). Each test case is described over two lines:

The first line of each test case contains two space-separated integers, (the number of elements in array ) and , respectively.

The second line of each test case contains space-separated integers describing the elements in .

**Constraints**

.

**Output Format**

For each test case, print the number of in on a new line.

**Sample Input**

```
2
3 2
1 2 3
3 1
1 2 3
```

**Sample Output**

```
3
5
```

**Explanation**

Both test cases use the same as described in the *Problem Statement*, so for both test cases.

*Test Case 0:*

has elements , so we print .

*Test Case 1:*

has elements , so we print .